IP Rating – Ingress Protection – definitions.

Ingress Protection (IP) ratings are developed by the European Committee for Electro Technical Standardization (CENELEC) (NEMA IEC 60529 Degrees of Protection Provided by Enclosures – IP Code), specifying the environmental protection the enclosure provides.

Please use this guide general information only refer to the standards issuers for updates and amendments, but contact us in relation to how these ratings will be implemented in the design of your heating element if a terminal box or enclosure is required.

The IP rating normally has two (or three) numbers:

Protection from solid objects or materials

Protection from liquids (water)

Protection against mechanical impacts (commonly omitted, the third number is not a part of IEC 60529)

Example – IP Rating

As in the case of the TPFay Fi Immersion Heater Terminal Cover assembly, the IP rating IP 67,
6 describes the level of protection from solid objects and
7 describes the level of protection from liquids.

As tested by BSI Product Services 2003

Sample:                        1 off immersion heater

Test requirement:      Ingress of dust and water

Test Specification:     BS EN 60529: 1992

Result                           IP 67 Category 1

 

An “X” can used for one of the digits if there is only one class of protection, i.e. IPX1 which addresses protection against vertically falling drops of water e.g. condensation..

IP First number – Protection against solid objects

0 No special protection
1 Protected against solid objects over 50 mm, e.g. accidental touch by persons hands.
2 Protected against solid objects over 12 mm, e.g. persons fingers.
3 Protected against solid objects over 2.5 mm (tools and wires).
4 Protected against solid objects over 1 mm (tools, wires, and small wires).
5 Protected against dust limited ingress (no harmful deposit).
6 Totally protected against dust.

IP Second number – Protection against liquids

0 No protection.
1 Protection against vertically falling drops of water e.g. condensation.
2 Protection against direct sprays of water up to 15o from the vertical.
3 Protected against direct sprays of water up to 60o from the vertical.
4 Protection against water sprayed from all directions – limited ingress permitted.
5 Protected against low pressure jets of water from all directions – limited ingress.
6 Protected against temporary flooding of water, e.g. for use on ship decks – limited ingress permitted.
7 Protected against the effect of immersion between 15 cm and 1 m.
8 Protects against long periods of immersion under pressure.

 

IP Third number – Protection against mechanical impacts (commonly omitted, the third number is not a part of IEC 60529)

0 No protection.
1 Protects against impact of 0.225 joule
(e.g. 150 g weight falling from 15 cm height).
2 Protected against impact of 0.375 joule
(e.g. 250 g weight falling from 15 cm height).
3 Protected against impact of 0.5 joule
(e.g. 250 g weight falling from 20 cm height).
4 Protected against impact of 2.0 joule
(e.g. 500 g weight falling from 40 cm height).
5 Protected against impact of 6.0 joule
(e.g. 1.5 kg weight falling from 40 cm height).
6 Protected against impact of 20.0 joule
(e.g. 5 kg weight falling from 40 cm height).

Please use this guide general information only refer to the standards issuers for updates and amendments, but contact us in relation to how these ratings will be implemented in the design of your heating element if a terminal box or enclosure is required.