Watt Density can be overlooked in the search for a heating element, but it can be a vital component in reducing early failures.
If it’s glowing that’s a good thing right?
By definition, Watt Density is the output of the heating element or the resistor in watts per square inch. Essentially, the amount of heat/energy coming from a specific surface area.
Finding the Watt Density for our 8mm diameter electric elements is a simple calculation – Dividing the wattage of the given element by the length of the hot section.
|Length of hot section|
Here are a few quick examples
Essentially the more surface area, the more space the ‘watts’ have to move around for heat transfer.
Different watt densities are required for different types of applications, so it is important for the performance of your application to understand the best watt density level. If the appliance is operating at a higher level than recommended, this can lead to early failures of your elements.
36 – 6 = 30
If you have a Bain Marie element that is 36″ 2KW 240V 3″c/e – the Watt Density is sitting at around 67 W/in2. So looking at our guide, it would need to be completely immersed in water during operation. If the element is running on power out of water slightly or simply in air instead, there would be a high risk of failure or the element “blowing”.
Below is our basic guide to Watt Density in relation to applications. We have based this off of a range of general figures to create a ladder.
|W/in2||Heating Element Application Guide|
|63||Immersed / High Airflow / Machined|
|52||Immersed / High Airflow / Machined|
|42||Equivalent to Grill / Radiant Orange|
|8-10||Little / No colour change – Still Air|
Limited space available in your application? Our team can work with your available space to ensure our heaters provide the maximum surface area while staying compact. Reducing the risk of early failure, our designs are built for longevity.
If you would like to know more about the Watt Density of your application or need some help deciding what heater is best for you, get in touch with our team today.